ople. However, neither the US nor China can expect to keep, much less get back, low-wage, low-skilled manufacturing jobs.
Many people have the impression that Chinese goods are dominant in US markets. That is true only in a few highly com
petitive, low-profit sectors. According to US Commerce Department data, China has more than 50 percent of the
US market in such items as umbrellas, toys, prepared feathers, footwear, straw products, and bedding.
Chinese exporters have from 20 to 50 percent of the US market in ot
her low-value-added markets, plus electrical machinery and equipment, mechanical app
liances, and iron and steel. In most other categories, China has less than 20 percent of the US market.
China also assembles and then exports a lot of phones, computers and other gad
gets to the US. But, most of the profits and wages go to Japanese or South Korean componen
World Trade Organization was being negotiated, China’s economy was ti
ny as a portion of world GDP. It was clearly a poor, less-developed country that, except in a f
ew areas, was not able to compete with Western companies in high-value-added products.
As Alexander Hamilton, the first US Treasury secretary, argued, a developing country may need to p
rotect its “infant industries” from already established foreign competitors. This was the policy foll
owed by the US in the 19th century and by Western Europe, Japan, and South Korea in the years after World War II.
China is no longer a poor country. It can no longer compete by using low-wa
ge labor. Fortunately, it has now developed world-class companies that are incre
asingly developing new products and services that can compete successfully in many foreign markets.
Wang Yang, an analyst with Soochow Securities based in Suzhou, Jia
ngsu province, said that apart from the economic recovery underpinned by su
pportive policies, cyclical factors also imply that earnings growth will continue to recover in the rest of the year.
According to Wang, the current profit cycle of A-share companies started from 2
016 and should end with recovery this year, as the cycles usually last for 12 to 14 quarters.
This year’s gradual recovery in earnings growth could help the A-share market to withstan
d external uncertainties, said Yan Xiang, an analyst with Shenzhen-based Guosen Securities.
“It is quite different from 2018 when earnings growth of most companies deteriorated. Earn
ings growth, a determinant of the market trend, is likely to be on the recovery path,” Yan said in a note.
hotel, with the cheapest costing 158 yuan ($23) per day for a small breed, and more than 300 yuan for
bigger breeds. The VIP room, which has a TV set and more space, comes with additional charges.
But the prices don’t deter pet owners and Chen said during the Labor Day holiday room
s were sold out two weeks in advance, and the VIP option was among the most popular.
According to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, in 2018, domestic travel reached 5.54 billion journeys, up 10.8 per
cent year-on-year, while outbound travel topped 291 million, up 7.8 percent year-on-year.
Meanwhile, pet ownership has been rising steadily in China, from
59.12 million pets in 2017 to 73.55 million in 2018, up 24 percent year-on-year, ac
cording to an industry report released by Goumin.com, the country’s biggest online pet community.